Hierapolis was built as a Greek colony at the end of third and beginning of the second century BC over a pre-existing settlement on top- of the summit travertine plateau. It was founded by the king of Pergamon Eumenes II.
It is also believed that the name Hierapolis may derive from Hiera, who was the wife of a legendary ancestor of the kings of Pergamon. However there is also a suggestion that the name of Hierapolis which means Holy City, was chosen for the many temples throughout the city.
Hierapolis passed to the Romans as provided for in the testament of Attalus III.
The city was anciently celebrated as the Bath of Asia and its warm medicinal springs raised it to wealth and distinction.
Religion appears to have flourished greatly at Hierapolis in the early periods of the Christian history.
In 17 AD, a terrible earthquake razed it to the ground but reconstruction soon began under Tiberius.
The town had to be entirely rebuilt after the earthquake of AD 60 and was abandoned after the 1354 event, the two strongest historical shocks.
Hierapolis was renowned in the ancient world as a city filled with temples dedicated to a variety of gods, both central figures within the pantheon as well as local deities.
Ancient city of Hierapolis
The most popular Posts
Thebes is a city in Greece situated to the north of the Cithaeron range, which divides Boeotia from Attica and on the southern edge of the B...
The story of Troy was first told in Homer’s Iliad, written around 750 BC. Troy was a great city, not of Greek origin, the inhabitants of whi...
Ancient Ur, today known as Tell al-Muqayar, was situated on the banks of the lower Euphrates. Ur city began to emerge around 5500 BC begin...
Alexander the Great came to Egypt in the second half of the fourth century (332 BC). He stopped at a fishing village on the Egyptian Mediter...
Hierapolis was built as a Greek colony at the end of third and beginning of the second century BC over a pre-existing settlement on top- of ...